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Top web browsers 2019: No end in sight for Firefox’s losses

If Firefox were a ship, it would be becalmed on a flat sea, loosened seams leaking faster than the hand-worked pumps can empty the bilge, passengers springing overboard and swimming toward other vessels – those with sails bearing rivals’ logos.

According to data published Sunday by analytics company Net Applications, Firefox’s share for November slumped to 8.2%, down half a percentage point. It was the seventh month in the last 12 in which Firefox spilled share, the fifth where the loss amounted to a half point or more.

From 2005, when Firefox was scratching its way out of the single digits in an insurrection against Microsoft’s Internet Explorer (IE), the browser has posted lower shares only three times, all in a short stretch of 2016 when Firefox bottomed out at 7.7%. That time, the browser clawed back to 13% (in October 2017) before again shrinking.

Unless something suddenly stems Firefox’s current free-fall, the browser will return to that low point of 7.7% by June, according to Computerworld‘s forecast, which relies on Firefox’s 12-month average. That same forecast predicts the open-source browser will dip under 8% as early as January.

Mozilla’s efforts to make Firefox more attractive as a browser choice have failed to move the share needle. From its November 2017 “Quantum” relaunch to its recent emphasis on the hottest browser topic – privacy in general, blocking ad and site trackers more specifically – the improvements and enhancements have been accompanied by collective shrug. Or worse, a step toward the exit.

Historically, Firefox has been the counterweight to the then-current leader, first IE, then Google’s Chrome. Firefox’s flirtation with irrelevancy as exhibited by its smaller user share may see that counterweight go weightless. Microsoft’s decision to adopt Google’s browser technology for its reborn Edge strengthened the monoculture. Sans Firefox, the browser choice becomes Chrome or near-Chrome.

Chrome: Settling into its spot?

During November, Chrome lost a quarter of a percentage point, dipping to 67.2%, the browser’s lowest mark since June.

While the loss was little more than a rounding error and could not be considered a threat to Chrome’s dominance by any stretch, Google’s browser may be close to its upper-end limit.

Last month’s share was identical to Chrome’s number at the start of the year, for one, so for all the wild swings — up 2.3 points one month, down 1.7 points the next — it ended where it began. And although Chrome shed three-quarters of a percentage point in the past six months, in the last three the movements were a wash, hinting that changes to share have slowed.

The forecast based on the 12-month average foretold some gains — Chrome should make the 68% mark by June — but the prophesied increase was significantly less than a month ago, when the prediction contended Chrome would hit 70% by mid-2020.

IE edges Edge

Microsoft’s browsers recovered three-tenths of a percentage point in November, the second straight month of share gains (and only the fourth time that’s happened in the last five years). IE+Edge ended November at 12.8%.

That total was tallied of two browsers, IE and Edge, with the increase credited entirely to the ancient and obsolete IE, not the at-least-newer Edge: IE climbed four-tenths of a point to 6.8% while Edge fell a tenth to 6%.

Because Windows 10’s share of all operating systems also declined, Edge remained with an 11.2% share of all Windows 10 browser activity, the level it’s been stuck at for a full quarter.

Measuring Edge against Windows 10 will soon be impossible, as the revamped browser — Microsoft tossed its own technologies and built a new Edge from Google’s Chromium – will reach release status Jan. 15, launching for Windows 7 and 8.1 as well as 10, not to mention macOS.

Whether Edge’s remodel will result in a jolt to its user share is unknown. Microsoft is, if not counting on Edge’s phoenix-rising, eager to put a thumb on the scale to boost the chances; it will automatically replace the original homegrown Edge with the Chromium-based version rather than wait as users do what they do best, stick with the status quo.

Edge may never gain much ground in Net Applications’ measurements. The California metrics vendor best quantifies individuals’ browsing activity, and while Microsoft wouldn’t object if that group dumped Chrome for a Chrome clone, there’s good evidence that the retuned Edge is a corporate play.

Elsewhere in Net Applications’ numbers, Apple’s Safari gained half a percentage point for the fourth consecutive month, climbing to 5.3%, and Opera Software’s browser remained flat at 1.3%. Safari’s increase came as macOS climbed six-tenths of a percentage point to 11.6%, a record for Apple’s operating system. For November, Safari’s share of macOS rose to 45.6%, the highest mark since December 2017, showing that it is possible for a browser to convince customers to ditch Chrome for a browser they’d used before.

Net Applications calculates user share by detecting the agent strings of the browsers that render the websites of Net Applications’ clients. The firm tallies visitor sessions to measure browser user activity.

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10 Outdated Web Design Trends to Let Go Of

If you’ve ever moved from one home to another, you know how difficult it can be to get rid of things you’ve owned for years. While digging through your closet, you find an old pair of pants you used to wear all the time despite the growing holes in the knees. But you tell yourself, “Maybe I’ll wear them around the house when it gets warmer” or “I bet the grunge look will come back in style”.

It’s easy to make these kinds of justifications in web design and development, too. You think:

“I’ve used the keyword meta tag for as long as I can remember. What can it hurt to keep doing so?”

Similar to how your clothes may become outdated or your appliances obsolete over time, the same thing happens with design and development trends. Rather than hold onto techniques that no longer serve you and only add more to your workload, it’s a much better idea to clear them out and make way for modern trends that’ll have a greater impact.


10 Popular Design Trends It’s Time to Let Die

When we talk about outdated web design trends, we’re not just talking about ones that have been obsolete for years. We’re also referring to trends and techniques that we know for a fact compromise the user experience and need to go away ASAP.

1. Cheesy Stock Photos

There’s nothing inherently bad about using stock photos. Many clients don’t have the budgets or wherewithal to create their own company photos and stock photos are a viable alternative.

That said, there was a time when “bad” (i.e. super cheesy and unrealistic) stock photos were all the rage. Even today, you’ll find websites that use these kinds of photos because there’s still an assumption that two people shaking hands in a well-lit conference room signals trust. (It doesn’t.)

Good deal. Close-up of two business people shaking hands while sitting at the working place

Image via DepositPhotos.

2. Hero Sliders

Image slider technology was pretty great in its heyday. It allowed web designers to conserve space while displaying a number of promotional offers at once. In addition to sliders often slowing down page speeds, they also have a tendency to slow users down as they distract them from moving onto other parts of a website.

Verizon Wireless, for instance, has a great example of a strong but simple hero image design in 2019:

Verizon Wireless 2019

This is vastly different from the image slider it used back in 2013:

Verizon Wireless 2013 - Slider - Outdated Web Design Trend

For the most part, we’ve learned to be more efficient with this space, though there are still some websites that can’t make up their minds about which offer to show above the fold… which only makes it more difficult for visitors to decide next steps. Take the initiative and do it for them with a single hero banner.

3. Autoplay

It’s not common to find websites with background audio, let alone autoplay audio, these days. That said, what you do occasionally find are websites that automatically play videos or ads with audio. Needless to say, this needs to stop. If your video (or audio) players don’t allow your visitors to take control of when they start, change that up now.

4. The 3-Click Rule

Over the years, web designers have looked for ways to decrease friction in the user experience. The three-click rule was meant to be one of the ways to do this. However, according to a recent report from the Nielsen Norman Group, there’s never been any data to back up this claim:

“In fact, a study by Joshua Porter has debunked it; the study showed that user dropoff does not increase when the task involves more than 3 clicks, nor does satisfaction decrease. Limiting interaction cost is indeed important, but the picture is more complicated than simply counting clicks and having a rule of thumb for the maximum number allowed.”

Rather than minimize for minimization’s sake, consider the complexity of the task or funnel you’re designing when determining quantity of steps.

5. (External) Links That Open in the Same Tab

There are a number of reasons to add links to your content: for navigational purposes, promotional purposes, and referential purposes. But when you add a hyperlink to your text, consider the following: Is it okay if the link directs visitors to a page in this same browser tab?

External links, for instance, should always open in a new browser tab. Your goal in designing a website is to get more visitors to convert. Letting an external link replace your website in the open tab will only decrease the chances of that happening. In some cases, internal links shouldn’t be opened in the same tab either. So, be sure to think about this the next time you add a link to your site.

6. Non-Traditional Scrolling

Although we’ve become accustomed to swipe gestures in mobile apps, horizontal and other non-traditional scrolling isn’t something that’s caught on with websites. While it’s definitely a design trend that helped many businesses set themselves apart from the pack a few years back, it’s just too gimmicky to use these days.

Robby Leonardi’s interactive resume website was one of the first I remember seeing and it was a brilliant way to capture attention — especially from those of us who grew up with Mario.

Robby Leonardi Side Scroll

But today? Any sort of non-traditional scrolling is just impractical and unnecessary. Even Robby’s current website has broken up this side-scrolling design and turned it into a vertical-scrolling page:

Robby Leonardi Vertical Scrolling

If you want to keep visitors engaged with your website in this day and age, don’t make them figure out how to scroll through your website. 

7. Keyword Meta Tag

For years (we’re talking nearly a decade), the keyword meta tag has not been supported by popular search engines. Despite knowing that the meta tag is useless, some designers still take the time to add it in. But why bother if it’s an extra step that gets you nothing in return?

8. Bad Pop-ups

Although pop-ups have undergone an evolution over the years — from the super-annoying pop-up ads that appeared outside the browser to the ever-present privacy notices we now see thanks to GDPR. While there is certainly some value in using pop-ups on a website, there are just too many kinds of bad pop-ups that need to disappear.

“Bad” pop-ups are ones that:

  • Show up too early on a website (like the second someone enters it);
  • Appear too many times during a single or return visit;
  • Send users to Facebook Messenger to collect their lead magnet and then bombard them with messages there;
  • Contain two buttons. Users that accept the offer, get a friendly message. Those that don’t are served up aggressive or shame-inducing language;
  • Repeat an offer that’s already designed into the website as a promotional banner.

9. Slow-Loading Websites

Mobile websites are notoriously difficult to optimize for speed when compared to their desktop counterparts. Unlike in years past where you could’ve rationalized away speed optimizations for mobile, today, it needs to be a priority with Google’s mobile-first indexing. PWAs are one way to give your mobile site an instant speed boost.

On a related note, by designing a PWA instead of a mobile-responsive website, you’d be able to cater to users with poor or no wi-fi connectivity — a segment that’s often been overlooked in web design.

10. Flash

I cannot believe I’m having to include this last one in 2019, but it seems there are still websites using the Flash Player.

Adobe has already told us that it would be cutting support for Flash next year. Web browsers are starting to remove their support for Flash players as well. And good riddance. Flash has long had issues with security flaws and usability issues.

If you’re trying to hold out on this (or your clients are dragging their feet), keep in mind that this is what visitors will see on many browsers in 2020 and beyond:

Kirkland Ellis Flash Player

Bottom line: If the creator of Flash is pulling support, you need to do the same for any of your websites that still use it.



It’s easy to get wrapped up in what the next big thing is in web design — AR tech, typography trends, color gradients, etc. But what about all of those trends and techniques that have become a habit over the years?

Rather than hold onto outdated design strategies that will only hinder your progress as a web designer and hold your clients’ websites back, start shedding these obsolete (or soon-to-be obsolete) practices now.

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Why isn’t Apple (yet) supporting Tim Berners-Lee to ‘save the web’?

Apple isn’t (yet) among the signatories for a global campaign to save the web launched by Tim Berners-Lee.

I hope this is something the company plans to change.

What’s the story?

Berners-Lee, inventor of the web, is concerned that the web is becoming a forum for political manipulation, fake news, privacy violations and other harms that he fears may plunge us all into what he calls “digital dystopia.”

He’s launched a new global action plan and is asking governments, companies and individuals to commit to protecting the web and ensuring it benefits humanity.

“The power of the web to transform people’s lives, enrich society and reduce inequality is one of the defining opportunities of our time,” he said.

“But if we don’t act now – and act together – to prevent the web being misused by those who want to exploit, divide and undermine, we are at risk of squandering that potential.

“At this pivotal moment for the web, we have a shared responsibility to fight for the web we want. Many of the most vocal campaigners on this issue have already recognised that this collaborative approach is critical.”

It strikes me as odd, given Apple CEO Tim Cook’s leadership when it comes to privacy, that his company is not among the initial list of signatories to the commitment.

It strikes me as equally odd that Google and Facebook are signatories, given my low opinion of both firms when it relates to some of the commitments given in what Berners-Lee calls the “Contract for the Web.”

What’s in the Contract for the Web?

“The web was designed to bring people together and make knowledge freely available. Everyone has a role to play to ensure the web serves the public good,” the website declares.

It consists of a number of commitments, including:

  • Everyone should be able to get online.
  • All of the internet should be available to all.
  • Privacy should be respected
  • Web users should have access to any data held on them.
  • Users should be able to object to data being held.
  • Users should be able to prevent their data being processes.
  • The Internet should be affordable.
  • Web services be accessible.

There are also commitments to creating simple user interfaces with which to access privacy settings, to ensure workforces are diversified and that tech firms assess the risk of the technology they provide.

In addition to commitments to government and companies, there are individual commitments to the creation of content, online communities and a commitment to the open web.

It is true to say that at present we are a long way from unified simple UIs with which users can control their privacy and data. I use a fantastic app called Jumbo to keep my data private and to undermine the surveillance-based businesses of some of these firms).

You can learn more about the Contract for the Web here.

Why hasn’t Apple signed-up?

I don’t know why Apple hasn’t yet lent its support to what seems at first glance to be quite positive commitments around the future of the web. After all, I feel that the vast majority of the commitments made in the contract seem to reflect Apple’s public commitments and activities around privacy – promises I sometimes feel its competitors match, at best, reluctantly.

That’s why it seems strange Apple isn’t in the vanguard of these commitments – instead allowing others to burnish their reputations with lip service to such support. After all, when it comes to accessibility, multiple language support, and user privacy Apple has a strong story to tell. 

Ultimately, the campaign message really reflects what Cook was saying when he spoke to European privacy commissioners in 2018:

“Platforms and algorithms that promised to improve our lives can actually magnify our worst human tendencies,” he said then.

“Rogue actors and even governments have taken advantage of user trust to deepen divisions, incite violence, and even undermine our shared sense of what is true and what is false. This crisis is real. It is not imagined, or exaggerated or crazy.”

It makes sense for Apple to lend its support to Berners-Lee’s campaign on  the strength of that statement alone. It makes less sense for it to fail to support this campaign.

Please follow me on Twitter, or join me in the AppleHolic’s bar & grill and Apple Discussions groups on MeWe.

Copyright © 2019 IDG Communications, Inc.

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Unleash the Power of Web Data with scrapestack

Data is the lifeblood of the web. We often say “content is king”, but what we mean is “data is king”.

All good user experiences are crafted after careful data analysis. It’s why we’re all here, from the articles we read, to the products we buy, to the ideas we post, data is everything.

Finding data, particularly for smaller businesses can be a daunting prospect. How can you generate so much data, when your competitors have been pushing, and collecting data for months, or even years? How do you manage and analyse data from millions of sites, without a dedicated research team?

We often say ‘content is king’, but what we mean is ‘data is king’

The answer, as with so many things on the modern web, is automation.

Automating data collection, analysing it, and responding accordingly is easier than you might think thanks to web scraping.

Web scraping is, in essence, what your browser is doing right now: retrieving data from a server, and making use of it by formatting it for you to read. But that’s not all you can do with web scraping. Once you have the data, it can be processed, stored, or republished.

Web scraping is a fantastic way of working with web data, without having to do any heavy lifting.


When to Use Web Scraping

Imagine you’re running a design conference in Manhattan. You want to help your customers by suggesting hotels they might stay in, places to eat out, and the best prices on flights so they can afford your top-tier ticket price. But it’s simply not possible for you to try out every hotel in NYC, let alone every eatery, and pricing for flights from thousands of points of origin changes hourly.

if you were going to build your own, niche search engine this is exactly how you’d do it

So you deploy a web scraping API to search hotel websites for room rates and contact details. You deploy the same API to search review sites for restaurants within walking distance of your venue. You can even deploy the same API to regularly check pricing on the most popular travel sites to help your customers snag the best deal.

Of course, we wouldn’t recommend scraping content and simply reposting it unaltered. Duplicating another site’s content doesn’t help your users, and will see you fall foul of Google, if not the law.

Web scraping works best when you use it to grab the data that other sites want you to find, and make use of — if you were going to build your own, niche search engine this is exactly how you’d do it.


Web Scraping with scrapestack

One of the best web scraping APIs available is scrapestack, a real-time, scaleable, REST API. With scrapestack you can retrieve data from billions of web pages, hosted anywhere on the web, in milliseconds.

scrapestack provides a simple 3-step quickstart guide, which is easy to follow, and will have you up and running in five minutes. You can access the API however you please, and example code is provided for PHP, Python, Nodejs, jQuery, Go, and Ruby.

Boasting an uptime of 99.9%, and a widespread, mature infrastructure means that scrapestack can handle bot-blocking, captchas, and even sites rendered with JavaScript. scrapestack allows you to search from numerous cities, or dozens of different countries, so that even localized data is available to you.

Best of all, scrapestack is free to get started; all you have to do is register to get your API key and you’re all set. The free-forever plan allows you to make up to 10,000 requests per month.

you don’t need to be an expert developer to take advantage of the scrapestack API

If you decide scrapestack is the right solution for you, then you might want to delve into the premium offerings. Starting at just $15.99 per month, you can increase your requests into the millions, as well as adding features like HTTPS encryption, concurrent requests, and JavaScript rendering.

scrapestack is delivered by apilayer, one the the most reliable names in the field. apilayer products are known for their shallow learning curves, which means you don’t need to be an expert developer to take advantage of the scrapestack API. The excellent documentation will guide you step by step, and there’s always technical support if you need it — even free customers get access to limited support.


Should You Use Web Scraping?

Everything that you can do with web scraping, can be done by a human being with a web browser, painstakingly traversing search engine results, copying and pasting. But for those who think life is too short for that, a web scraping API is ideal.

The web is packed with semantic data, data that wants to be found and used; scrapestack is an excellent solution that will help you do just that.

To grab your free API key, and start harvesting data from the web, head over to scrapestack.com today.


[– This is a sponsored post on behalf of scrapestack –]

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The Best SEO Tools for Web Designers

There’s a lot of overlap between SEO tools, which is why it can be so difficult figuring out which is the best to use. To simplify things, I’ve selected the 4 SEO tools that will seamlessly integrate with your design workflow and won’t break your budget.

You already have a ton of tools in your web design toolbox which is why I’m reluctant to write this post the way I would for copywriters and SEO pros. Why? Well, because there are literally dozens of SEO tools you could add to your workflow. Unless you’re promising clients that their websites will go to #1 in search results for every keyword they want to win, there’s no reason to add that kind of complexity to your life.

That said, you can’t completely ignore SEO. No one is going to shell out money for a web hosting plan, domain name, and professional web design services and not expect results in return. But before your client’s website can start capturing leads and sales, it needs organic search traffic — which is why you’ll need some SEO tools and strategies to help you out.

Today, I’m going to introduce you to the best SEO tools for web designers.


Moz: The Best Premium SEO Tool

There’s a lot of really good competition out there when it comes to premium SEO tools, but Moz is the clear winner as far as web designers are concerned.

Moz - one of the best SEO Tools for web designers

One of the things that’s great about using Moz for SEO is that it comes with a free toolbox. Whether you need an introduction to search engine optimization or simply want to give a premium SEO tool to try, the toolbox will do the trick.

With free Moz tools, you can do things like:

  • Research possible keywords;
  • Analyze the rankability of your domain;
  • Review your current keywords (regular and branded);
  • See if you’ve earned any featured snippets, backlinks, and more;
  • Snoop on the competition’s website and ranking keywords.

Of course, if you make the upgrade to Moz Pro, you gain access to more powerful SEO tools, like:

  • Technical website audits;
  • Backlink analysis;
  • Missing keyword opportunities;
  • Local SEO strategies;
  • SERP rankings for desktop, mobile, and local.

And it’s all laid out in an intuitive dashboard.

A Word About the Competition

Mangools, Ahrefs, and SEMrush are all fantastic options if you’re trying to build higher-ranking websites and to scale up your SEO offering for clients. However, these are all truly premium solutions, so unless you’re prepared to use every feature these pay-to-play tools offer, it’s probably not worth it to open your wallet for them.


Ubersuggest: The Best Free SEO Tool

You’re probably wondering if any of the leading SEO tools are available for free. There are a few, but Neil Patel’s Ubersuggest is by far the best of the litter.


What’s really nice about this tool is that, although it’s simple enough to use, you can put it to work for you in a number of ways.

For example, you can use the site audit tool to review current clients’ websites. If you’re looking for a conversation starter, this could be your ticket in. You’ll have insights on how well or poorly their website has done in terms of SEO, get suggestions on how to improve, and even be able to see their site speed while you’re at it.

You could also use this tool for basic keyword research and recommendations, which would make it especially helpful in earlier planning stages. Or take it to the next level and assess what’s going on in your clients’ competitive markets.


Yoast: The Best WordPress SEO Tool

For those of you that design websites using WordPress, Yoast is a must-have SEO plugin.

Yoast Analysis Results

Although Yoast doesn’t help with keyword planning or backlink tracking, it allows web designers and writers to improve their search engine optimization page by page.

  • It allows you to assign a focus keyword, title tag, and meta description to each post or page;
  • It lets you preview your Google search snippet on desktop and mobile to make sure everything fits and a featured image is present;
  • It scores your page on how well it’s optimized around your keyword;
  • It scores your page on other SEO factors like text length, image alt attributes, internal links, and so on;
  • It scores your page on readability as well.

There’s more you can do with Yoast as a web designer. You can use it to generate sitemaps, create custom Open Graph and Twitter Card tags, and even automate how your site’s search metadata is written.


Google Search Console: The Best Analytics SEO Tool

You’re already using Google Analytics to review key website metrics as well as to make data-informed decisions for future design improvements. But did you know you can add Google Search Console data to your Google Analytics dashboard, too?

Google Analytics

From here, you can pull data on:

  • Landing page traffic and performance;
  • Geo-specific data;
  • Device-specific data;
  • Search queries and click-through rates.

However, Google Analytics falls short in providing its users with all of the search-specific data it tracks on the web, which is why you should add Google Search Console to your list of SEO tools.

Google Search Console Dashboard

From this dashboard, you can:

  • Submit your XML sitemaps to Google;
  • Check for mobile usability and errors;
  • Quickly scan for security or speed issues (speed is currently in beta);
  • Review page-specific impressions, rankings, and click-throughs;
  • Track internal links, backlinks, top linking websites, as well as the text they’re using to link back to you.

Even though this tool won’t necessarily help you plan your search optimization strategy, it’s a good place to go when you want to troubleshoot why your hard work isn’t paying off.


Other SEO Tools Web Designers Should Be Using

There’s more to SEO than just link building and keyword optimization. Google looks for other trust and authority signals, too, when determining the rank of a website. And, as a web designer, you’re in the best position to handle this side of SEO.

Here are some of the SEO tools you should be using in addition to the ones above:

  • SSL Certificate: If a website is on HTTP, that’s an automatic penalty. So, always make sure your websites have an SSL certificate installed;
  • Speedy Hosting: Site speed is a huge deal in the scheme of things — and it starts with the quality of your web hosting plan and provider. When it makes sense to do so, power up your hosting with a CDN and caching plugin;
  • Image Compression Tool: For all their worth, images can cause a lot of grief for web designers. By running each image through a compression tool like TinyJPG you can keep their size from shrinking your website’s ranking.

And, of course, make sure you’re always using high-quality design tools and adhering to mobile-first standards. When a website looks outdated, runs poorly, and isn’t properly managed, Google and your visitors are sure to take notice.


Featured image via Unsplash.

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20 Freshest Web Designs, November 2019

Every month we roundup the freshest new web sites that have been released in the previous four weeks, with an eye-out for new ideas.

In this month’s collection we’re seeing some minor trends, like the return of sliders, over-sized text, and liquid effects. But the biggest thing of note is a brand new trend: brutalist typography and layouts, made more appealing by soft, feminine color palettes. Enjoy!


Wolff Olins

Globally renowned agency Wolff Olins’ new site is engagingly simple, but when a company like this embraces a trend, you know it’s got staying power. Edge-to-edge text, and a brutalist approach softened with color, are both evident.



Universal Sans

Universal Sans is a variable font with a pretty awesome site that allows you to adapt the font for your own purposes. For many of us it’s as close as we’ll get to designing a typeface. Once you’re happy you can even buy your customized font.



Warner Music Norway

Warner Music Norway embraces a traditional slider to highlight some of the artists it represents. It works because there’s no text to read, you either recognize the musician or you don’t. Scroll a little and you’ll find on-trend brutalism.




Ackee is self-hosted analytics software. Its site opts for a bold typeface for headings, and makes use of some beautifully illustrated palms to introduce brand colors. The subtle animation does an excellent job of illustrating how the product works.




Redscout’s logo is big and bold, and stretches across the screen. It stays fixed in place as an outline as you scroll, before getting bold again when you reach the bottom of the page. The black text on white, and the overlapping grid is classic brutalism.



Low Intervention

Low Intervention embraces several of the current trends, most notably the liquid effect, and brutalism toned down by the use of a sophisticated color palette. Brutalism is still the dominant theme, with edge-to-edge content, and little whitespace.




Marble’s purpose is to bring together art and science to tackle some of the problems faced by children around the world. Its delightful site features maze-like text, with dozens of marbles rolling around referencing both problem solving, and play.




Never let it be said that you can’t make the logo bigger. Hypergram’s logo takes up the entire page, obscuring the portfolio. The changing background color is a nice effect, and offsets the work in the slideshow perfectly.



Vahur Kubja

Vahur Kubja’s site is one of the first sites we’ve seen to adopt the latest design trend: it’s relentlessly brutalist in all but one respect, the color scheme is a sophisticated minimalist palette of green, peach, and pink.




Mutha’s site is big, brash, and bold. With heavy black text. Not the style you’d expect of a skincare company — which would typically be light, gentle, and unassuming. Which is exactly why this brutalist site stands out.



The Happy Hero

If you’re a big fan of this year’s brutalist trend, then you’ll love this micro-site for The Happy Hero, a self-help book about positivity. The site’s adopted brutalism and then subverted it, drawing inspiration from both Pop Art and De Stijl.




Most people browse the web with the sound off, which presents a challenge to companies selling audio products. Devialet solves the problem brilliantly, with a swirling galaxy creating the impression of depth, range, and power.



Bruno Simon

What can you say about Bruno Simon’s site, other than you have to play it to understand it. Drive the toy truck around the site, knocking over awards and breaking the scenery. It’s not practical, but it’s fun, and a great showcase for his skills.




Readymag is a browser-based design tool for creating simple sites. Its landing page features oversized typography, which is impactful, and fairly daring for a company of this type. They’re laying their cards on the table right away.



Climate Adaptation Australia

Alongside the nice, bold menu system, Climate Adaption Australia features one of the very few effective sliders you’ll see. Sliders have largely been discredited as a design pattern with poor user experience, but in this case it works.



Giovanni Rustanto

If brutalism is too much for you, you can let out a sigh of relief with this one. Giovanni Rustanto’s site is elegantly minimal in both visuals, and interaction. The pleasing burst of terracotta right at the end adds some much needed flavor to the color palette.



1017 Gin

1017 Gin’s site is a high-class mix of glossy magazine layout, and coffee-table book. The one-pager is understated, with just a nod to trends with undersized images. The way the page splits when you click buy, is lovely, because it’s unexpected.




Sedilia is a minimalish site, that exudes comfort, simplicity, and style. The product photography is great, but it’s the framing that makes the difference. The site also features excellent typography and an unusual choice of font (it’s GT Zirkon).




Gyro is another site that features over-sized typography, and again it’s the company logo. Move your cursor and it explodes in an interesting 3D effect. Gyro also has all the hallmarks of brutalism, tempered by a lovely color palette.



Dorian Lods

Dorian Lods’ site is another example of the trend common among developers at present: a liquid effect. This is a particularly standout version, not least thanks to the way it integrates into the rest of the site, as a device, not a crutch.


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Top web browsers 2019: Chrome seesaws yet again

Chrome last month continued its seesaw in user share, throwing away most of the gains it had made the month prior while remaining fully in charge of the browser market.

According to data published today by California analytics vendor Net Applications, Chrome’s share for October dropped by 1.1 percentage points to 67.4%. It was the fourth straight time that Chrome shed some of its share the month following an increase of one point or more. In September, Chrome had recorded a boost of 1.3 points.

The up-down has not always resulted in a net gain for each months’ pairings, and when increases have outweighed losses of the month previous, the upside has been small. That’s why over the course of the past 12 months, Chrome has climbed by just one percentage point.

Yet the difference between Chrome, the browser leader, and the next in line – Microsoft’s Double-mint twins of Internet Explorer (IE) and Edge – was 54.9 points, nearer the high end of the 12-month range between 51.7 and 56.5. That metric shows that Chrome’s position is solid. Very solid, in fact.

Computerworld now forecasts that Chrome will return to 68% shortly (within three months at the most) and crack 70% by June. Even if its seesaw keeps at it.

Firefox slips

One of the unanswered questions in Browser Land is whether Mozilla’s Firefox can survive. Can the browser, which kicked off renewed competition in the space – when it launched in 2004, Microsoft’s IE had eradicated all rivals – keep its head above the proverbial water, say, above the very-minor-browser marker of 5%?

Good question.

Firefox lost one-tenth of a percentage point during October, ending the month at 8.6%. Although that wasn’t Firefox’s nadir of the past 12 months, it was the third-lowest number during that period and the sixth-lowest overall (or at least since the browser crawled out of the single digits in early 2006).

It’s almost painful to watch Firefox struggle to sustain its share, much less grow it. In October, the browser’s user share was below the median for the past 12 months (9.1%) and significantly under the median for the 12-month span before that (November 2017-October 2018, 10.2%).

Although Mozilla continues to stress Firefox’s privacy chops – the latest upgrade added tools that block social media networks’ trackers – that has not resonated enough with potential users to bring large numbers to the browser.

By Net Applications’ data, Firefox’s near future looks weak, but not necessarily bleak. Using the browser’s average movement over the last 12 months, Firefox should remain above 8% for the next year, dipping below that only in November 2020. But if the past six months are a better clue, Firefox is in trouble: That forecast would put the browser under 8% as soon as January, under 7% by June and below 5% as soon as December 2020.

(The difference in the two predictions? The six-month average contains three months of large, more-than-half-a-point losses, which dominated the total. Those three months were diluted in the 12-month average.)

How long will Microsoft maintain IE?

Microsoft’s recovery from September’s all-time browser low wasn’t much of a come-back, but it was better than nothing. In October, the Redmond, Wash. company’s browsers snatched back some of the share they lost the month before, adding four-tenths of a percentage point to up its share balance to almost 12.5%.

The firm’s total was, as always, composed of two different browsers, IE and Edge. And the increase was neatly split between the pair, each adding about two-tenths of a percentage point to the kitty. IE climbed to 6.4%, while Edge edged up to 6.1%.

Windows 10’s share of all operating systems climbed at almost the same rate, so Edge simply kept its share of Windows 10’s browsers at the same 11.2% of September. That mark, remember, was the lowest of the year so far, but not a record low. (The latter would be the 10.9% in September 2018.)

Meanwhile, IE’s increase translated into a slight boost in its share of all Windows browsers, ending October up two-tenths of a point to 7.3%. That IE’s portion of all Windows browsers has fallen by about a fourth – a year-ago, the number was 10.6% – is proof of its fast fade among customers.

Within months, Microsoft will finalize its “full-Chromium” Edge, which will feature an integrated IE mode that replicates that browser for the corporate users who still need it – notably IE’s ActiveX controls – to run aged web apps and obsolescing intranet sites. At some point after the new IE’s debut, Microsoft will forcibly replace the old Edge on Windows 10 PCs (and likely push it onto the Windows 7 systems being serviced by the for-a-free Extended Support Release (ESR) after that OS’s public retirement) with the new.

Computerworld has speculated that Microsoft will eventually purge IE from Windows machines and tell the few customers then still needing the browser to instead rely only on the mode inside Edge. That forecast has been driven by IE’s quickly-declining share. A year from now, going by its performance over the past 12 months, IE will be run by less than 3.5% of all Windows users, just not enough to warrant a separate application.

Elsewhere in Net Applications’ data, Apple’s Safari gained half a percentage point for the second consecutive month, climbing to 4.8%, and Opera Software’s browser stayed dropped a tad to 1.3%. Safari’s increase came in the face of a dip in macOS, which lost about six-tenths of a percentage point in October. That drop in macOS – expected as it was because September’s nearly-two percentage point leap was clearly not realistic – contributed to pushing Safari’s share of Apple’s operating system to 43.9%, the highest it’s been since March 2018.

Net Applications calculates user share by detecting the agent strings of the browsers people use to reach the websites of Net Applications’ clients. The firm tallies visitor sessions to measure browser user activity.

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10 Little-Known Corners of the Deep Web You Might Actually Like

The dark web doesn’t have a great reputation. Dodgy online marketplaces, criminal gangs, terrorist groups—it sounds like the type of place that only the most troubled members of society would want to hang out.

In fact, nothing could be further from the truth. Sure, that type of content exists. But there are also plenty of dark web websites that you might actually like.

Curious? Keep reading; we’re going to introduce you to some of the best dark web websites to visit.

1. Hidden Answers

hidden answers top dark web site

Dark Web Link: http://answerszuvs3gg2l64e6hmnryudl5zgrmwm3vh65hzszdghblddvfiqd.onion/

Hidden Answers is like a cross between Quora and Reddit. You can ask any question on any topic, and the community will respond. However, unlike sites such as Reddit, there’s no censorship going on. Everything you see is unedited.

The site has more than a dozen categories. The largest and most active categories are Technology, Money and Jobs, and Security and Privacy. Some of the categories are adult-orientated, so make sure you give them a wide berth if you’re easily offended.

In addition to categories, Hidden Answers also supports searchable tags. They make it easier to narrow your search if you need an answer to a specific query. You can also filter by unanswered questions if you want to offer your own pearls of wisdom to other users.

2. Illinois Institute of Technology Tunnels

itt tunnels dark web site

Dark Web Link: http://62gs2n5ydnyffzfy.onion/

Old buildings are jammed with hidden tunnels, old air vents, and disused entrances. One such group of buildings is the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago.

An unnamed individual has explored all the tunnels and posted the findings to his site. He’s even managed to get onto sealed rooftops and photographed the results.

The site is packed with maps, photos, diary entries, guides, explanations, and more. It’s one of the best dark web sites to visit if you want to waste a couple of hours.

3. ProPublica

propublica best dark web site

Dark Web Link: https://p53lf57qovyuvwsc6xnrppyply3vtqm7l6pcobkmyqsiofyeznfu5uqd.onion/

In 2016, online news site ProPublica launched a dark web version of its website. In doing so, it became the first mainstream news organization to have a presence on the Tor network.

According to Mike Tigas, the ProPublica developer who built the dark web site, it was China’s online censorship that initially inspired the decision. The company wanted to protect itself in case it every found itself banned in restrictive territories.

ProPublica also wanted to give its readers more control over ad tracking and other forms of surveillance:

“It’s a very conscious decision that we have to make as an organization to decide that we want to do this. I think we all agree that letting our users choose what types of metadata they leave behind is a positive for us.”

4. Easy Coin

easy coin best dark web website

Dark Web Link: http://easycoinsayj7p5l.onion/

Bitcoin continues to grow in popularity around the world. However, one of the original tenets of the cryptocurrency—that it’s entirely anonymous—has turned out to be untrue. Sure, some anonymous privacy-focused coins do exist, but Bitcoin is not one of them.

As recently as October 2019, one of the largest illegal pornography sites on the dark web was shut down when US law enforcement agencies were able to trace the Bitcoin used to pay for the content.

If you’re a privacy fanatic and want to make sure your Bitcoin is completely untraceable, EasyCoin is one of the top dark web sites. It’s a Bitcoin wallet with a built-in Bitcoin mixer. The mixer ensures you always get fresh coins whenever you make a wallet withdrawal.

Check out the article about the legality of Bitcoin tumblers on our sister-site, Blocks Decoded, if you’d like to learn more.

5. Code:Green

codegreen dark web

Dark Web Link: http://pyl7a4ccwgpxm6rd.onion/

Code:Green is a website dedicated to ethical hacktivism. You can join the organization in one of six ways: as a Sympathizer, Supporter, Hacktivist, Whistleblower, Coder, or Artist.

Just keep in mind that some of the community’s projects are in breach of the law. Make sure you don’t do anything that could put your freedom in danger.

You may need someone to vouch for you before you gain access to the forums.

6. Facebook

facebook dark web

Dark Web Link: https://www.facebookcorewwwi.onion/

If you’re a Facebook user, it makes sense to access the service using the official portal on the dark web.

The Tor version of the site has been live since 2016 and is mainly aimed at people from countries where Facebook access if blocked.

However, privacy-conscious users in Europe and the US will also find value. Because the site is on the dark web, it does not keep logs, use tracking cookies, or monitor your usage through the usual channels. It’s a much safer way of using a service that’s known to have a laissez-faire attitude with users’ data.

7. Beneath VT

beneath vt dark web site

Dark Web Link: http://74ypjqjwf6oejmax.onion/

Beneath VT is similar to the Illinois Institute of Technology Tunnels site. It is dedicated to the exploration of the steam tunnels that run below the campus.

You’ll find log entries, maps, videos, and an extensive list of the dangers that the various tunnels can pose to people who enter them.

Who knew that exploring old university tunnels could be so much fun?! It’s just another example of all the cool stuff on the deep web that you’ll find with a bit of digging.

8. The Hub

the hub dark web

Dark Web Link: http://thehub7xbw4dc5r2.onion/

The Hub is another of the best dark web websites to visit. Indeed, it is one of the dark web’s most popular social forums.

You’ll need to register before you gain access to the boards. Once you’re in, however, you will have access to discussions on a wide variety of topics, including general news, dark web marketplaces, crypto, and more.

9. Common Sense by Thomas Paine

thomas paine dark web

Dark Web Link: http://duskgytldkxiuqc6.onion/comsense.html

First published in January 1776 during the early days of the American Revolution, Common Sense by Thomas Paine became one of the most important documents in the country’s history. Written for people who wanted the 13 colonies to break free from British rule, it made a compelling moral and political case for independence.

Relative to the size of the population (2.5 million) at the time, it is still the book with the most sales and widest circulation in American history.

Although the book is still in print today, you don’t need to buy it. Thanks to this dark web website, you can read the entire text for free.

welcome to the game dark web game

We end with something a bit different—a game about the dark web that you can buy on Steam. The dark web game is a horror-meets-puzzle game. The goal is to find the “Red Room” in which a murder is taking place.

To find the room, the player has to solve a series of mysteries and brainteasers while avoiding hackers and kidnappers. It sounds a bit gruesome, but it’s surprisingly good fun and has a stream of positive reviews on the Steam platform.

No one really knows for sure whether red rooms exist on the dark web. We explored the idea more closely when we looked at some of the security reasons to avoid the dark web

6 Reasons You Should Avoid the Dark Web

6 Reasons You Should Avoid the Dark Web

Thinking about visiting the dark web, the sinister underbelly of the internet? Here are reasons why you should avoid the dark web.
Read More


Share Your Best Dark Web Sites

The nature of the dark web means the list of the top dark web sites is constantly in flux. If we’ve missed your favorite site off the list, make sure you reach out in the comments and let us know.

And if you’d like to learn more about the dark web, make sure you read our other articles on debunked dark web myths and our list of shocking online accounts sold on the dark web

8 Shocking Online Accounts Sold on the Dark Web

8 Shocking Online Accounts Sold on the Dark Web

You’ve probably heard that your data can be bought and sold on the dark web by hackers. But it’s more than just email accounts.
Read More


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Top 10 Conspiracy Web Sites

There is a global threat to all our freedoms: the New World Order, controlled by the Illuminati, and delivered by globalist politicians. Or is it the imminent alien invasion? The opening of the gates of Hades? Or is it the mind tricks of the entertainment industry?

These are all conspiracy theories, of course, and barely scratching the surface. Looking for more? Read on to find the top conspiracy forums and conspiracy websites, this side of the New World Order.

Perhaps the ultimate website for conspiracy theories right now, Conspiracies has everything you could possibly need. All major conspiracies (and a few more unusual ones) are featured here.

Want theories about Jesus Christ, or the idea that Elvis faked his own death? Is there a war on cash? These ideas are explored, but without any conclusive results. This makes the site a great gateway to the world of conspiracy theories.

You’ll also find links to video documentaries, books, and other merchandise.

The Hollow Earth conspiracy theory
Image Credit: C. Durand Chapman/Wikimedia

Jump up and down too hard and you might just fall into a new world. Well, no, not really, and not in this conspiracy theory. After all, the Earth is pretty big, and the “wall” between this world and the one beneath is many hundreds of miles deep.

Inside, the theory says, there is a central sun, roughly where you might picture the Earth’s core. Here, creatures and UFOs dwell, including lost tribes of Vikings. Our Earth Is Hollow details everything you need to know about the Hollow Earth conspiracy theory.

It is, of course, extremely unlikely that the planet is hollow. But plenty of respectable people have either contributed to this theory or been taken in by it.

For a more general look at conspiracy theories, Decrypted Matrix is a good place to visit.

Using a blog-like format, it indexes many popular conspiracy theories, giving you the chance to comment. Everything from 9/11 to JFK can be found here, along with many others besides.

One entry that caught my eye was the claim that the Gulf Oil Spill “proves” that Adolf Hitler is alive and well, playing an intense 80 year-long game of 4D chess at the age of 130. Who wouldn’t be convinced by that?

One of the trademarks of many conspiracy sites is overall poor web design. Is this the sign of a cluttered mind or just ignorance about the importance of how information is presented to how well it is received?

The Illuminati Conspiracy Archive (ICA) has a very nice, almost academic design, with well-organized information. There are no real rants here, thank goodness, which leads to the site having greater credibility.

You’ll find the usual conspiracy fare within—Bilderbergers, Trilateral Commission, and of course, Freemasonry.

On Godlike Productions, you’ll find material on UFOs, aliens, Illuminati/NOW/Bilderberger and more. Often, most of the discussions just end up leading back to the cause behind anything being UFOs and aliens.

This is a conspiracy theory-themed forum, so rather than reading a blog or news site, you’ll find threaded topics.

Godlike Productions is probably best known for its interview with an alleged former-Illuminati Grand Master, Leo Lyon Zagami. Sadly, he doesn’t really say anything to convince anyone.

Probably the most popular site for all conspiracy-like things.

The focus here is mostly on UFO-related stories and “evidence”. The stories aren’t always terribly well researched or written as a lot of them are reader-submitted, but the layout is easy to use and read.

ATS has been running for quite a while and in that time has performed some self-censorship; panicked deletion of posts. This often happens with contemporary events, so for the best results, stick to the UFO material.

7. Reddit

The home of online discussion on pretty much every topic under the sun, Reddit is unparalleled. It doesn’t have just one awesome conspiracy board—no, Reddit has two.

Described as a platform for free-thinking, the r/conspiracy board hopes “to challenge issues which have captured the public’s imagination, from JFK and UFOs to 9/11.”

Meanwhile, the r/actualconspiracies subreddit is aimed at finding genuine conspiracies. For example, a contemporary topic is the arrest and sudden death of Jeffrey Epstein.

They say that, “Actual conspiracies exist. We ferret them out. No bullshit.”

Not strictly a conspiracy theory (more of a cult) this is the place to go to learn more about our Earth.

You think you know it all, but in fact, our planet isn’t a ball and it doesn’t orbit the sun. No, Earth is flat, like a disc, and the sun flies across the sky daily, casting light upon the surface.

Clearly this is absolute nonsense, but the Flat Earthers reckon they’re onto something. In the past 15 years, the popularity of this belief has risen considerably. While not a conspiracy theory itself, the Flat Earth Society peddles a fair few of them, however, such as the lack of existence of a horizon.

No, really.

YouTube is another home for a host of conspiracy theories. Some are grouped into channels, while others are simply uploads of old TV shows on the topic.

For a more balanced look at popular conspiracy theories, the Uncovered channel approaches them from both sides. This is a channel that has been running for several years, has 1.82 million subscribers, and basically should be on your conspiracy website radar.

9 Insane Conspiracy Theory Websites to Check Out

By now you should have more conspiracy theories and websites that you can tell anyone about. Time to shut all the doors and windows, use a VPN, and don that tinfoil helmet. Not sure where to start? Here’s a recap:

  1. Our Earth Is Hollow
  2. Decrypted Matrix
  3. Illuminati Conspiracy Archive
  4. Godlike Productions
  5. Above Top Secret (ATS)
  6. Conspiracies
  7. Reddit
  8. The Flat Earth Society
  9. YouTube

Remember: If you think you’re being watched, you probably are. Take the time to cover the webcam on your laptop, tablet, and smartphone

Why You Should Disable or Cover Your Webcam Right Now

Why You Should Disable or Cover Your Webcam Right Now

If you aren’t careful, hackers can easily gain access to your webcam and spy on you without your knowledge. So you have two options: disable the camera or cover it up.
Read More


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How to Share a Google Docs, Sheets, or Slides File as a Web Page

The Google Drive Logo

With Google Drive, you can share any Google file (from Docs, Sheets, or Slides) online as a web page for anyone to see. You can even share simple HTML files to act as your site’s landing page. Here’s how to do it.

Sharing a Google file as a web page is a great way to publish information to the Internet for a large audience. Anything you share is entirely public, and—if you use the right search string—it can be found via any search engine as a lightweight page on the web.

When you share a file to the web, Drive creates a copy of it with a unique URL. This allows you to make edits and publish changes when you want to, and it also prevents viewers from seeing any source material.

Remember: anything you publish to the web is available for anyone to see, so you should never include sensitive or private information in your files.

How to Share a Google Docs File

Fire up your browser, head to Google Docs, and then open the file you want to share. Click File > Publish to the Web.

Click "File," and then select "Publish to the Web."

Next, click “Publish” to make your file visible on the Internet.

Click "Publish."

Click “OK” to confirm you want to publish the file to the web.

Click "OK."

You can now copy the link (Ctrl+C on Windows/Chrome OS or Cmd+C on macOS), embed it on your website, or share it via Gmail, Facebook, or Twitter.

A link highlighted and ready to be copied in Google Drive.

If you don’t want the page to update automatically whenever you make changes to it, click the arrow next to “Published Content and Settings.” Then, click the box next to “Automatically Republish When Changes Are Made” to uncheck it.

Click the arrow next to "Published Content and Settings," and then uncheck the box next to "Automatically Republish When Changes Are Made."

When you want to remove the file from the web, head back to File > Publish to the Web. Expand “Published Content and Settings,” and then click “Stop Publishing.”

Click "Stop Publishing."

RELATED: The Beginner’s Guide to Google Docs

How to Share a Google Sheets File

Head to the Google Sheets website, open the file you want to share, and then click File > Publish to the Web.

Click "File," and then click "Publish to the Web."

If you don’t want to share the entire document, you can choose a single sheet to publish online. To do this, click “Entire Document,” and then select the sheet from the drop-down menu.

Click "Entire Document," and then choose the sheet you want to publish from the drop-down menu.

Click “Publish.”

Click "Publish."

Click “OK” to confirm you want to publish the file to the web.

Click "OK."

Again, you can copy the link (Ctrl+C on Windows/Chrome OS or Cmd+C on macOS), embed it on your website, or share it via Gmail, Facebook, or Twitter.

A link highlighted and ready to be copied.

If you don’t want the page to update automatically whenever you make changes to it, click “Published Content and Settings,” and then uncheck the box next to “Automatically Republish When Changes Are Made.”

Click "Published Content and Settings," and then uncheck the box next to "Automatically Republish When Changes Are Made."

To stop publishing the page altogether, head back to File > Publish to the Web, and then click “Stop Publishing.”

Click "Stop Publishing."

RELATED: The Beginner’s Guide to Google Sheets

How to Share a Google Slides File

When you share a Slides file to the web, Google Drive acts as a player and allows visitors to view your presentation on your page. You can set slides to auto-advance at 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 15, 30, or 60 seconds.

To share your Slides file on the web, head to your Google Slides homepage, open a presentation, and then click File > Publish to the Web.

Click "File," and then click "Publish to the Web."

Click the drop-down menu in the “Auto-Advance Slides:” section and select the interval at which you want the slides to advance. Click the checkboxes if you want your presentation to start as soon as the player loads and if you want it to restart after the last slide. Click “Publish” after you make your selections.

Click "Publish."

Click “OK” to confirm you want to publish the file to the web.

Click "OK."

You can then copy the link (Ctrl+C on Windows/Chrome OS or Cmd+C on macOS), embed it on your website, or share it via Gmail, Facebook, or Twitter.

A link highlighted and ready to be copied.

When you want to remove the file from the web, head back to File > Publish to the Web, expand the “Published Content and Settings” menu, and then click “Stop Publishing.”

Click "Stop Publishing."

RELATED: The Beginner’s Guide to Google Slides

How to Share an HTML File

This section is similar to the Google Docs method. You share from a Docs file, but you can use HTML and some basic CSS to style everything. This enables you to create a pseudo-website without having to buy a domain or hosting.

First, create an HTML file with the code for your website’s homepage and save it to your computer.

Next, head to your Google Drive, and then upload the HTML file. You can also drag and drop it directly from your computer into Drive’s webpage to upload.

Drag your file from your computer into your Google Drive to upload it.

Right-click the file, and then click Open with > Google Docs.

Click "Open with" and select "Google Docs."

Google Docs opens the file and formats your HTML inside the Docs file. Click File > Publish to the Web, just as you did before.

Click "File," and then select "Publish to the Web."

Next, click “Publish” to make your file visible on the Internet.

Click "Publish."

When you’re asked if you’re sure you want to publish the file to the web, click “OK.”

Click "OK."

Once again, you can copy the link (Ctrl+C on Windows/Chrome OS or Cmd+C on macOS), embed it on your website, or share it via Gmail, Facebook, or Twitter.

A link highlighted and ready to be copied.

Note that any changes you make to the Docs file appear immediately on the web page. However, if you want to add more HTML code, you have to edit the original file, and then redo the upload and sharing process.

Additionally, Docs sees any tags as literal text and won’t format them correctly.

If you don’t want the page to update automatically whenever you make changes, click “Published Content and Settings,” and then uncheck the “Automatically Republish When Changes Are Made” box.

Click "Published Content and Settings," and then uncheck the "Automatically Republish When Changes Are Made" box.

When you want to remove the file from the web, head back to File > Publish to the Web. Expand “Published Content and Settings,” and then click “Stop Publishing.”

Expand "Published Content and Settings," and then click "Stop Publishing."

While sharing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations from Google Drive works wonderfully, there are a few hang-ups when it comes to publishing HTML files as a web page.

If you use Google Drive to host your website, the amount of functionality and formatting features available are drastically limited when compared to conventional web hosting. It’s probably better to use Google Drive only as a basic landing page for personal use.

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